Tanzania is half made up of national parks. There are about 100 nature reserves and sanctuaries that preserve the natural diversity of Africa. In Tanzania, tourists can enjoy an exciting photo safari, beach vacation, excursions to bushmen villages, and climbing Kilimanjaro — the highest mountain in Africa.
Kilimanjaro is a dormant volcano with a height of 5895 meters, consisting of three peaks: Kibo, Mawenzi, and Shira. When translated from the Swahili dialect, its name means Shining Mountain". The majestic snowy peak looks great against the background of the African shroud of the Maasai Plateau.
Climbing to the top, one passes through several climatic zones with different temperatures and specific flora and fauna:
- the Savanna Bushland zone goes up to an altitude of 1800 meters. The temperature there is about 26-27°C. The amount of precipitation is about 1000 mm/year.
- the Rainforest zone is located at an altitude of 1800 to 2800 meters. Travelers will find a large number of different animal and plant species there emerged thanks to a warm and humid climate. The amount of precipitation is about 2000 mm/year.
- the Heather & Moorland zone is located at an altitude of 2800 to 4000 meters. There is no forest, only giant heather, groundsel trees, and lobelia.
- the Alpine Desert zone is located at an altitude of 4000 to 5000 meters. There are little precipitation and few plants there, and the temperature is within 0°C.
- the Arctic zone is located at an altitude of 5000 meters. It is a stone snowy desert with practically nothing alive. The temperature varies between -7 and -15°C.
- the Summit — a sparkling cap of snow and ice with a temperature of - 27°C.
A large number of African animal species live near the volcano: elephants, giraffes, buffaloes, antelopes, mongooses, zebras, hyenas, and other specimens of the African fauna roam the expanses of the savanna.